Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine


Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
       SCImago 2016     SJR: 0.981   Cites per Doc. 2-Year: 2.04    3-Year: 2.17
JCReports 2016
    IF 2-Year: 1.797    3-Year: 1.970    5-Year: 2.061    Average Citations PI: 7.7
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2016) 15, 670 - 677
Research article
Proposal for a Specific Aerobic Test for Football Players: The “Footeval”
Christophe Manouvrier1,2, Johan Cassirame3,, Saïd Ahmaidi1

1 Laboratory of Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation”, EA 3300, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Picardie, Jules Verne, Amiens, France
2 Olympique de Marseille Football team, Marseille, France
3 EA 4660, Culture, Sport, Health and Society Department and Exercise Performance, Health Innovation platform, University of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Johan Cassirame
✉ EA 4660, Culture, Sport, Health and Society Department and Exercise Performance, Health, Innovation platform, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

20-03-2016 -- Accepted: 06-10-2016 --
Published (online): 01-12-2016


The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of the “Footeval” test, which evaluates football players’ aerobic level in conditions close to those of football practice (intermittent, including technical skills). Twenty-four highly trained subjects from an elite football academy (17.8 ± 1.4 years, 5 training sessions per week) performed two Footeval sessions in a period of 7 days. Physiological variables measured during these sessions (VO2max 58.1 ± 5.6 and 58.7 ± 6.2 ml·min-1·kg-1; RER 1.18 ± 0.06 and 1.19 ± 0.05; LaMax 11.0 ±1.4 and 10.8 ±1.1 µmol·L-1; HRmax 194 ± 6 and 190 ± 7 b·min-1; Final step 10.71 ± 1.2 and 10.83 ± 1.13 and the RPE = 10) highlighted maximal intensity and confirmed that players reached physiological exhaustion. Comparison of values measured in both sessions showed large to very large correlations (Final level; 0.92, VO2max; 0.79, HRmax; 0.88, LaMax; 0.87) and high ICC (Final level; 0.93, VO2max; 0.87, HRmax; 0.90, LaMax; 0.85) except for RER (r = 0.22, ICC = 0.21). In addition, all subjects performed a time limit (Tlm) exercise with intensity set at maximal aerobic specific speed + 1 km·h-1, in order to check the maximal value obtained during the Footeval test. Statistical analysis comparing VO2max, HRmax and RER from the Footeval and Tlm exercise proved that values from Footeval could be considered as maximal values (r for VO2max; 0.82, HRmax; 0.77 and ICC for VO2max; 0.92, HRmax; 0.91). This study showed that Footeval is a reproducible test that allows maximal aerobic specific speed to be obtained at physiological exhaustion. Moreover, we can also affirm that this test meets the physiological exhaustion criteria as defined in the literature (RER ≥ 1, 1; LaMax ≥ 8 µmol·L-1; HR = HRmax; no increase of VO2 despite the increase of speed; RPE =10).

Key words: Football, test, aerobic, MAS, validity
Key Points
“Footeval” is a new test for football that is able to evaluate aerobic capacity in football specific conditions.
This study evaluates reproducibility and validity of the “Footeval” test in elite football players.



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