Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
 
FIND ARTICLES

jssm
jssm

Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
       SCImago 2016     SJR: 0.981   Cites per Doc. 2-Year: 2.04    3-Year: 2.17
JCReports 2016
    IF 2-Year: 1.797    3-Year: 1.970    5-Year: 2.061    Average Citations PI: 7.7
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 04, 563 - 571
Research article
Effect of Home-Based Well-Rounded Exercise in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Tomoko Yamauchi1,, Mohammod M. Islam1, Daisuke Koizumi1, Michael E. Rogers2, Nicole L. Rogers3, Nobuo Takeshima1

1 Laboratory of Exercise Gerontology, Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Japan
2 Center for Physical Activity and Aging, Department of Kinesiology and Sport Studies, Wichita State University, Wichita, USA
3 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita, Wichita, USA

Tomoko Yamauchi
✉ Laboratory of Exercise Gerontology, Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, 1 Yamanohata, Mizuho-Cho, Mizuho-Ku, Nagoya 467-8502, JAPAN
Email: t.yamauchi@nsc.nagoya-cu.ac.jp

Received:
19-09-2005 -- Accepted: 31-10-2005 --
Published (online): 01-12-2005

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a home-based well-rounded exercise program (WREP) in older adults. Forty sedentary community-dwelling older adults were randomly assigned to an exercise group (n = 23; aged 62-80 yr, average: 69.2 ± 5.2; 12 men and 11 women) or a control group (n = 17; aged 63-85 yr, average: 70.1 ± 6.6; 5 men and 12 women). The exercise group performed a 12-wk WREP which included aerobic exercise (walking) on about 3 days·wk-1 for 37 min·day-1; elastic band-based resistance exercises for the major muscle groups on about 3 days·wk-1 for 26 min; and flexibility exercises (stretching) on about 4 days·wk-1 for 19 min·day-1. General physical characteristics, functional strength (Arm Curl [AC], Chair Stand [CS]), dynamic balance and agility (Up & Go [UG]), flexibility (Back Scratch [BS], Sit & Reach [SR]), and endurance (12-min walk [12-MW]) were measured. Following the 12-wk home-based WREP, improvements were observed in AC, CS, UG, BS, SR and 12-MW for the exercise group but not for the control group. These results suggest that the home-based WREP can improve overall fitness in older adults.

Key words: Physical fitness, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, flexibility exercise, adherence
Key Points
Walking, elastic band exercise and stretching were prescribed as a Well-Rounded Exercise Program for older adults.
By combining aerobic, resistance and flexibility exercises, a Well-Rounded Exercise Program was effective for improving endurance, functional strength, dynamic balance and agility, and flexibility.
Community-based exercise classes motivated older adults to perform home-based exercises.

 


  

Article Tools
How to Cite
Citations in ScholarGoogle 
Statistics
Article views from September 2014
Abstract :1337
Full-text :1639
Pdf :39
Total :3015
New content alert
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2017 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher
It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind
of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.