Table 1. Unit plans for the two instructional approaches (Pereira et al., 2015).
Lesson Direct instruction Sport Education
1 Triple jump, hurdles, and shot put formal introduction Explanation of the model and competition formatAllocation of teams and individual rolesTeacher-directed introduction of the three skills
2 Hurdles formal instruction and practice Student-directed instruction: Warm-upTeacher-directed instruction: Triple jump skills
3-7 Triple jump, hurdles, and shot put formal instruction and practice Student-directed instruction: Warm-upTeacher-directed instruction: Triple jump, hurdles, and shot put skills; formal instruction on rules and scoring protocols for eventsWithin-team event practice and role practice (shared teacher- and student-directed monitoring)
8 Individual competition on shot put Formal competition Day 1 and Day 2Student within-team event and role practice: Student-directed instruction (shared teacher- and student-directed monitoring) - Warm-up/skills practice (triple jump, hurdles, and shot put)
9 Individual competition on long jump and hurdles Formal competition Day 2Student within-team event and role practice: Student-directed instruction (shared teacher- and student-directed monitoring) - Warm-up/skills practice (triple jump, hurdles, and shot put)
10-16 Triple jump, hurdles, and shot put formal instruction and practice Student within-team event and role practice: Student-directed instruction (shared teacher- and student-directed monitoring) - Warm-up/skills practice (triple jump, hurdles, and shot put)
17 Free-choice practice on all three events Formal competition Day 3Student within-team event and role practice: Student-directed instruction (shared teacher- and student-directed monitoring) - Warm-up/skills practice (triple jump, hurdles, and shot put)
18 Free-choice practice on all three events Formal competition Day 4Student within-team event and role practice: Student-directed instruction (student-directed monitoring) - Warm-up/skills practice (triple jump, hurdles, and shot
19 Individual competition on all three events Formal competition Day 5Student within-team event and role practice: Student-directed instruction (student-directed monitoring) - Warm-up/skills practice (triple jump, hurdles, and shot put)
20 Individual competition on all three events Finals competitionFestive event