Table 3. Baseline exercise test results.
| Endurance AthletesMean ± SD(n = 8) |
Sprint AthletesMean ± SD(n = 8) |
Difference (sprint – endurance athletes) |
Mean; 90% CI |
Inference^{a} |
V̇O_{2}max (mL/kg/min) |
66.2 ± 5.0 |
56.8 ± 5.0 |
-9.4; ± 4.5 |
large ↓**** |
vV̇O_{2}max (km/h) |
20.3 ± 1.6 |
18.5 ± 1.7 |
-1.8; ± 1.5 |
moderate ↓*** |
vinc.t. (km/h) |
22.2 ± 1.7 |
20.6 ± 1.7 |
-1.7; ± 1.5 |
moderate ↓** |
HRmax (bpm) |
198.3 ± 9.1 |
197.3 ± 10.2 |
-1.0; ± 8.5 |
trivial |
VT1 (% V̇O_{2}max) |
67.5 ± 4.6 |
68.1 ± 6.0 |
0.6; ± 4.7 |
trivial |
VT2 (% V̇O_{2}max) |
86.3 ± 3.3 |
85.6 ± 4.4 |
-0.6; 3.5 |
trivial |
vVT1 (km/h) |
13.7 ± 1.4 |
12.3 ± 1.0 |
-1.4; 1.1 |
moderate ↓*** |
vVT2 (km/h) |
17.6 ± 1.2 |
15.2 ± 1.6 |
-2.4; 1.3 |
large ↓*** |
GXT duration (min:s) |
14:12 ± 1:42 |
12:33 ± 1:43 |
-1:39; ± 1:31 |
moderate ↓** |
RPE (points) |
17.9 ± 0.6 |
17.8 ± 1.3 |
-0.1; ± 0.9 |
trivial |
CMJ (cm) |
35.0 ± 7.1 |
45.3 ± 4.4 |
10.3; ± 5.3 |
large ↑*** |
PE (W/kg) |
37.2 ± 8.2 |
41.0 ± 10.6 |
3.8; ± 8.4 |
small ↑ |
^{a}Magnitude thresholds (for difference in means divided by average SD): <0.20, trivial; 0.20-0.59, small; 0.60-1.19, moderate; 1.20-2.00, large. Asterisks indicate effects clear at the 90% level and likelihood that the true effect is substantial, as follows: *possible, **likely, ***very likely, ****most likely. No asterisks mean that 90% CL overlapped the thresholds for substantiveness (unclear difference).
VO_{2max} --maximal oxygen consumption, vV̇O_{2max} - minimal running speed required to elicit V̇O_{2max}, v_{inc.t.} – peak incremental test speed, HR_{max} – maximal heart rate, VT_{1} / VT_{2} – first / second ventilatory threshold in % of V̇O_{2max}, vVT_{1} / vVT_{2} – running speed associated with VT_{1} / VT_{2}, GXT – graded exercise test, RPE – Borg's rating of perceived exertion, CMJ – countermovement jump height, PE – power endurance (30s Bosco test).