|Gill Gross and Huddleston
||Participation of Motives Questionnaire (PMQ) or Participation Motivation Inventory (PMI)
||Achievement/status,team atmosphere, fitness, energy release, skill development, friendship and fun.
||Fitness Incentives Quizzes
||Body motives, social motives and psychological motives
||Revised version of PMQ
||Team orientation, achievement/status, fitness, friendship, skill development, and fun/excitement/challenge
|Frederick and Ryan
||Motivation for Physical Activities Measure (MPAM)
||Body motives, competence and fun
|Markland and Hardy
||Exercise Motivations Inventory (EMI)
||Body image and weight, fun and wellness, prevention and positive health, competition,affiliation, muscular resistance and strength, social status, stress control, flexibility and agility, challenge, and health emergencies
|Markland and Ingledew
||Physical Self-Description Questionnaire(PSDQ)
||Physical appearance, muscular strength, resistance, flexibility, health, adherence, overweight, skills and self-esteem
|Ryan et al.
||Motives for Physical Activity Measure-Revised (MPAM-R)
||Health, appearance, motor competence and learn new skills, social, and fun/intrinsicmotivation
|Telama et al.
||Well-being motives, competition motives, appearance motives and social motives
|Morris and Rogers
||Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS)
||Mastery, enjoyment, psychological condition, physical condition, appearance, others’expectations, affiliation and competition/ego