Table 1. Effect on VO2max, CSA, 1RM, and body weight of 8 weeks of concurrent endurance and resistance training on separate day (n = 7) and endurance training immediately after resistance training (n = 7). Values are mean (±SD).
Parameter tested Training Condition Pre-Treatment Post-Treatment P value ES (95%CI)
VO2max(ml/kg/min) SEP 46.1 (14.2 49.5 (13.8) .661 0.24 (-0.83-1.28)
CT 46.8 (12.)5 47.1 (11.0) .964 0.03 (-1.02-1.07)
CSA(cm2) SEP 8.8 (1.1) 9.9 (1.5) .001** 0.84 (-0.31-1.86)
CT 9.7 (1.0) 10.2 (1.2) .004** 0.45 (-0.64-1.48)
1RM(kg) SEP 21.6 (3.9) 25.6 (4.8) .025* 0.91 (-0.24-1.94)
CT 23.1 (1.8) 28.7 (2.8) .001** 2.38 (0.88-3.54)
Weight (kg) SEP 60.3 (7.4) 60.6 (8.2) .661 0.08 (-0.98-1.12)
CT 63.8 (3.6) 63.8 (3.9) .918 0.00 (-1.05-1.05)
SEP, concurrent endurance and resistance training on separate day; CT, endurance training immediately after resistance training; VO2max, maximal oxygen consumption; CSA, Cross-sectional area of muscle; 1RM, 1 repetition maximum; ES, Effect size; 95%CI; 95% confidence interval.
†p < 0.05 significant main effect (time) by 2-way ANOVA.
* p < 0.05
** p < 0.01 significant difference after training by Bonferroni post-hoc test