Alon, G., Frederickson, R., Gallagher, L., Rehwoldt, C.T., Guillen, M., Putnam Pement, M.L. and Barhart, J.B. (1992) Electrical stimulation of the abdominals: The effects of three versus five weekly treatments. Journal of Clinical Electrophysiology 4, 5-11.
Alon, G., McCombe, S.A., Koutsantinis, S., Stumphauzer, L.J., Burgwin., K.C., Parent., M.M. and Bosworth, R.A. (1987) Comparison of the effects of electrical stimulation and exercise on abdominal musculature. The Journaal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 8, 567-573.
Alon, G. and D.J. Taylor (1997) Electrically elicited minimal visible tetanic contraction and its effect on abdominal muscles strength and endurance. European Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 7, 2-6.
Balogun, J.A., Onilari, O.O., Akeju, O.A. and Marzouk., D.K. (1993) High voltage electrical stimulation in the augmentation of muscle strength: Effects of pulse frequency. Archives in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 74, 910-916.
Caulfield, B., Cullinane, C., White, C. and Monique, C. (2002) The effects of CSI electrical muscle stimulation on strength of the quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscles and on body satisfaction: A controlled study. Unpublished, Bio-Medical Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland.
Cullinane, C., Caulfield, B., Monique, C., and White, C. (2002) The effects of CSI electrical muscle stimulation of the abdominal muscles and walking on body image and abdominal muscle strength. Unpublished, Bio-Medical Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland.
Juker, D., McGill, S.M., Kropf, P., and Steffen T. (1998) Quantitative intramuscular myoelectric activity of lumbar portions of psoas and abdominal wall during a wide variety of tasks. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 30, 301-310
Maffiuletti, N.A., Dugnani, S., Folz, M., Di Pierno, E., and Mauro, F. (2002) Effect of combined electrostimlation and plyometric training on vertical jump height. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 34, 1638-1644.
Porcari, J.P., Palmer McLean, K., Foster, C., Kernozek, T., Crenshaw, B. and Swenson, C. (2002) Effects of electrical muscle stimulation on body composition, muscle strength, and physical appearance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Association Research 116, 165-172.
Romero, J.A., Sanford, T.L., Schroeder, R.V. and Fahey, T.D. (1982) The effects of electrical stimulation of normal quadriceps on strength and girth. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 14, 194-197.