Table 3. Measures of pulse wave reflection at rest and during recovery from high-intensity battling rope exercise. Data are mean ± standard deviation.
Rest 10 minutes 30 minutes 60 minutes
AIx, % Men 9 ± 10 30 ± 13 18 ± 13 18 ± 8††
Women 11 ± 12 22 ± 11 13 ± 8 7 ± 6
AIx@75, % Men 0 ± 8 34 ± 13 19 ± 13 15 ± 10§††
Women 7 ± 12 26 ± 10 13 ± 6 5 ± 7§
Tr, ms Men 145.9 ± 8.5 149.8 ± 4.7 149.6 ± 6.1 117.0 ± 3.8§
Women 150.2 ± 5.6 149.0 ± 5.7 148.5 ± 4.2 113.5 ± 5.0§
AP, mmHg Men 4 ± 4 14 ± 5 8 ± 5 7 ± 4††
Women 4 ± 4 8 ± 5 5 ± 3 2 ± 2††
cPP, mmHg Men 40 ± 5|| 44 ± 8 40 ± 7 41 ± 6††
Women 30 ± 6 37 ± 8 34 ± 6 28 ± 4
cSBP, mmHg Men 106 ± 6|| 112 ± 7 108 ± 7 107 ± 4††
Women 99 ± 6 99 ± 6 99 ± 5 96 ± 5
cDBP, mmHg Men 67 ± 8 68 ± 8 67 ± 6 67 ± 8
Women 69 ± 6 62 ± 5 68 ± 11 67 ± 5
cMAP, mmHg Men 81 ± 7 87 ± 7 83 ± 6** 82 ± 7
Women 81 ± 6 78 ± 4 77 ± 7 79 ± 5
SEVR, % Men 148.9 ± 26.9 92.8 ± 14.7 104.7 ± 28.5 129.1 ± 23.2§
Women 141.9 ± 27.2 81.7 ± 16.3 104.6 ± 19.0 126.1± 18.6§
SPTI, ms Men 1887.4 ± 212.2 2721.7 ± 267.2 2480.6 ± 400.7 2179.5 ± 231.3§
Women 2038.9 ± 350.6 2604.1 ± 226.2 2304.7 ± 200.4 2150.6 ± 202.8§
DPTI, ms Men 2690.3 ± 391.8 2501.1 ± 307.0 2504.3 ± 464.3 2760.4 ± 358.5§
Women 2813.1 ± 252.5 2100.4 ± 292.6 2381.7 ± 282.8 2640.6 ± 264.0§
ΔEw, dynes/cm2 Men 305.5 ± 228.6 2048.4 ± 804.0 1177.5 ± 779.6 1147.3 ± 564.3††
Women 277.1 ± 267.1 1276.6 ± 709.4 715.4 ± 481.2 313.9 ± 310.6
AIx, Augmentation Index; AIx@75, Augmentation Index Normalized to 75 BPM; bDBP, cAP, Central Augmentation Pressure; cDBP, Central Diastolic Blood Pressure, cPP, Central Pulse Pressure, cSBP, Central Systolic Blood Pressure, DPTI, Diastolic Pressure Time Index, SEVR, Subendocardial Viability Ratio, SPTI, Systolic Pressure Time Index; Tr, Time of the Reflected Wave;,ΔEw, Wasted Left Ventricular Energy.
†p ≤ 0.05, significantly different from Rest;
p ≤ 0.05, significantly different from 10 minutes;
§p ≤ 0.05, significantly different from 30 minutes;
||p ≤ 0.05, significantly different from women at Rest;
p ≤ 0.05 significantly different from women at 10 minutes;
**p ≤ 0.05 significantly different from women at 30 minutes;
††p ≤ 0.05 significantly different from women at 60 minutes.