Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2019) 18, 337 - 343

Research article
The Effect of Prolonged Walking With Intermittent Standing on Erector Spinae and Soleus Muscle Oxygenation and Discomfort
April J. Chambers1, , Justin M. Haney2, Theodore Huppert1,3, Mark S. Redfern1
Author Information
1 Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
2 Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
3 Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

April J. Chambers
‚úČ Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Publish Date
Received: 03-01-2019
Accepted: 27-02-2019
Published (online): 01-06-2019
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Prolonged periods of walking have been associated with musculoskeletal discomfort and injuries. Previous research has shown that muscle fatigue is related to decreases in muscle oxygenation during short term walking. The objective of the proposed research is to determine the impact of prolonged walking with intermittent standing on musculoskeletal discomfort and muscle oxygenation measures in young adults. Nine young adults walked for a period of 2 hours. Ratings of perceived discomfort were recorded using a questionnaire. Muscle oxygenation and hemoglobin levels were collected from the lower back erector spinae and soleus muscles using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Subjective discomfort significantly increased throughout the 2 hours. Prolonged walking generally induced increased oxygenation of the erector spinae and soleus across walking periods, within walking periods and across standing periods. These increases were more pronounced at the beginning of the walking session and continued through the second or third periods. Erector spinae and soleus total hemoglobin increased within walking period one and two. Only the soleus total hemoglobin significantly increased after the first walking and standing periods and during all the transitions from walking to standing. Increased oxygenation and total hemoglobin during prolonged walking with intermittent standing are likely a result of the repeated dynamic contractions and exercise-induced blood volume expansion. Increased discomfort was found; however, this was not explained by detrimental changes in oxygenation or total hemoglobin.

Key words: Muscle oxygenation, walking, discomfort, NIRS, walk

           Key Points
  • Back and leg muscle oxygenation and total hemoglobin were collected during walking.
  • Prolonged walking increased muscle oxygenation during first 90 minutes.
  • Prolonged walking increased muscle total hemoglobin during first 60 minutes.
  • Increased discomfort was not explained by changes in oxygenation or total haemoglobin.
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