Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 158 - 165

Research article
Influence of Perceived Parental Education Styles on Hardy Personality in Sport
Higinio González-García1, , Antonia Pelegrín2
Author Information
1 Faculty of Education, International University of La Rioja (UNIR), Logroño, La Rioja, Spain
2 Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernandez University of Elche, Elche, Alicante, Spain

Higinio González-García
✉ Calle Almansa, Nº101. CP:28040. Madrid, Spain
Publish Date
Received: 15-08-2019
Accepted: 18-12-2019
Published (online): 24-02-2020
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Hardy personality plays a key role in sport due to the positive outcomes that has shown in sport performance. Consequently, it is salient to know which parental educational style is more related to positive characteristics of personality such as hardiness. Therefore, the objective of this research was to study the differences in perceived parental education styles in adult athletes with high and low levels of hardy personality. The sample consisted of 502 athletes from Spain (153 were women and 349 were men) between 18 and 64 years old (M = 27.76; SD = 9.11). A series of self-report questionnaires were fulfilled: an ad hoc sociodemographic questionnaire, the “Multifactor Self-Assessment Test of Child Adjustment”, the “Marathon-Hardy Personality Scale” and the Oviedo Scale of Infrequency Response. Firstly, sample was grouped in two groups. Secondly, the results of independent sample t-test showed higher levels of father protectionism and mother restriction in the low challenge scores group. Also, men educated that perceived to be educated by authoritarian parents reported lower commitment. Results also showed higher levels of care education close to mother protectionism, father restriction and mother restriction in the low hardy personality group. It was concluded that there are other variables that influence more on hardy personality in athletes apart from parents. Although challenge, hardy personality and commitment in men reported an influence by parental educational styles.

Key words: Parents, education, athletes, performance, relationship

           Key Points
  • Protective and authoritarian mothers might be related to athletes with low levels of challenge.
  • Protective fathers, authoritarian mothers and authoritarian fathers, were related to the low hardy personality group.
  • Men educated by authoritarian parents could be related to have worse levels of commitment.
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