Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2021) 20, 516 - 524   DOI:

Research article
Predictors of Physical Activity Levels in University Physical Education Implementing Sport Education
Siu Ming Choi1, Kim Wai Raymond Sum1, , Fung Lin Elean Leung2, Sau Ching Amy Ha1, Cindy Sit1, Ka Ho Yeung1
Author Information
1 Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Chine
2 Physical Education Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Chine

Kim Wai Raymond Sum
✉ G09, Kwok Sports Building, Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong.
Publish Date
Received: 08-03-2021
Accepted: 02-06-2021
Published (online): 01-07-2021
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By adopting Sport Education into the university context, this study examined how lesson content and teacher interaction contribute to university students’ physical activity levels during physical education lessons. Following a continuing professional development workshop, a 10-week Sport Education season was designed collaboratively and implemented at a university, taking into account the university’s facilities. This study used the momentary time sampling tool, System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time, in which eight teachers and 202 students (72% male) were videotaped in 156 lessons. The data on physical activity levels, lesson content, and teacher behavior were collected and analyzed. The student-participants engaged in an average of 38.77 (±18.78) moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) minutes which did not meet the recommendation of 50% lesson time. Findings of hierarchical linear regression indicated that knowledge (β = 0.29) and general content (β = 0.29) contributed to the sitting physical activity while skill practices (β = 0.25) and gameplay (β = 0.38) predicted the MVPA. Practical implications of utilizing the features of Sport Education in boosting the intensity of activities are discussed, especially team affiliation, formal competition, and record keeping. Further investigations are proposed on the interaction of gameplay content and teacher behavior with larger sample size.

Key words: Physical education, sport education, physical activity, SOFIT, physical literacy

           Key Points
  • This pioneering study used SOFIT to investigate the physical activity levels of students at a university where Sport Education was implemented.
  • Results indicated the student-participants did not meet the MVPA recommendation of PE lessons and this situation may have been contributed by time spent in knowledge acquisition and general content.
  • Future research could focus on the relationship between gameplay content and teacher behaviors, and the application of objective measures such as accelerometers and pedometers.
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