Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 444 - 451

Review article
Effects of Resistance Training on Arterial Stiffness in Healthy People: A Systematic Review
Pablo García-Mateo1, Antonio García-de-Alcaraz1,2, , Manuel A. Rodríguez-Peréz1,3, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez1,4
Author Information
1 Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Almería, Almería, Spain
2 LFE Research Group, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
3 SPORT Research Group (CTS-1024), CERNEP, University of Almería, Almería, Spain
4 Contexts in School Learning in Physical Education and Health Habits (HUM-628), Health Research Center, University of Almería, Almería, Spain

Antonio García-de-Alcaraz
✉ Faculty of Education Sciences. University of Almería, Almería, Spain
Publish Date
Received: 13-11-2019
Accepted: 18-04-2020
Published (online): 13-08-2020
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The influence of aerobic training on cardiovascular disorders has already been demonstrated. However, the effect of resistance training is less well known. Arterial stiffness is an increasingly important measure in cardiovascular health. Therefore, this review attempted to study the results of resistance training-based interventions on arterial stiffness in healthy people, for both acute and chronic interventions. A literature search was conducted for randomized controlled trials on the acute and chronic effects of strength training. Studies published in PubMed and SportDiscus databases between 1999 and April 2019 were analyzed. In chronic strength training effects, the majority of groups showed large (d = -1.49 to -1.20) and moderate (d = -1.07) decreases, and small and trivial changes in arterial stiffness. In acute effects interventions, a very large decrease (d = -3.92) was observed, while large (d = 1.24-1.48) and very large (d = 3.88) increases were also found. A resistance training-based intervention of more than four weeks’ duration with a frequency of two days per week seems not to compromise cardiovascular health, due to decreases in arterial stiffness. However, there is a general trend towards both increasing and maintaining arterial stiffness after isolated strength training sessions.

Key words: Resistance training, arterial stiffness, cardiovascular health, chronic effects, acute effects

           Key Points
  • Resistance training is a safe component in health-oriented activity programs in terms of arterial stiffness.
  • Resistance training does not impair cardiovascular health in chronic interventions, except in high intensity exercises with upper body muscles.
  • More studies should be conducted in order to learn more about acute response to resistance training.
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