Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 489 - 499

Review article
Effects of Plyometric Jump Training on Vertical Jump Height of Volleyball Players: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of Randomized-Controlled Trial
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo1,2, , David C. Andrade2,3, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis4, Jason Moran5, Filipe Manuel Clemente6,7, Helmi Chaabene8,9, Paul Comfort10,11,12
Author Information
1 Laboratory of Human Performance. Quality of Life and Wellness Research Group, Department of Physical Activity Sciences. Universidad de Los Lagos, Osorno, Chile
10 Directorate of Pschology and Sport, School of Health and Society, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom
11 Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds. United Kingdom
12 Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Perth, Australia
2 Centro de Investigación en Fisiología del Ejercicio, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile
3 Pedagogía en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile
4 Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia, Greece
5 School of Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
6 Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Viana do Castelo, Portugal
7 Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Covilhã, Portugal
8 Division of Training and Movement Sciences, Research Focus Cognition Sciences, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
9 High Institute of Sports and Physical Education, Kef, University of Jendouba, Tunisia

Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
✉ PhD Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Universidad de Los Lagos, Osorno, Chile
Publish Date
Received: 07-01-2020
Accepted: 12-05-2020
Published (online): 13-08-2020
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This meta-analysis aimed to assess the effects of plyometric jump training (PJT) on volleyball players’ vertical jump height (VJH), comparing changes with those observed in a matched control group. A literature search in the databases of PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and SCOPUS was conducted. Only randomized-controlled trials and studies that included a pre-to-post intervention assessment of VJH were included. They involved only healthy volleyball players with no restrictions on age or sex. Data were independently extracted from the included studies by two authors. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used to assess the risk of bias, and methodological quality, of eligible studies included in the review. From 7,081 records, 14 studies were meta-analysed. A moderate Cohen’s d effect size (ES = 0.82, p <0.001) was observed for VJH, with moderate heterogeneity (I2 = 34.4%, p = 0.09) and no publication bias (Egger’s test, p = 0.59). Analyses of moderator variables revealed no significant differences for PJT program duration (≤8 vs. >8 weeks, ES = 0.79 vs. 0.87, respectively), frequency (≤2 vs. >2 sessions/week, ES = 0.83 vs. 0.78, respectively), total number of sessions (≤16 vs. >16 sessions, ES = 0.73 vs. 0.92, respectively), sex (female vs. male, ES = 1.3 vs. 0.5, respectively), age (≥19 vs. <19 years of age, ES = 0.89 vs. 0.70, respectively), and volume (>2,000 vs. <2,000 jumps, ES = 0.76 vs. 0.79, respectively). In conclusion, PJT appears to be effective in inducing improvements in volleyball players’ VJH. Improvements in VJH may be achieved by both male and female volleyball players, in different age groups, with programs of relatively low volume and frequency. Though PJT seems to be safe for volleyball players, it is recommended that an individualized approach, according to player position, is adopted with some players (e.g. libero) less prepared to sustain PJT loads.

Key words: human physical conditioning, resistance training, stretch-shortening cycle, physical fitness, exercise therapy, team sports

           Key Points
  • Vertical jump is a key physical ability in volleyball.
  • Plyometric jump training programs are effective in improving vertical jump height in volleyball players.
  • Improvements can be achieved by both sexes from various age groups, with programs of relatively low volume and frequency.
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