Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2021) 20, 474 - 481   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2021.474

Research article
A Study of Changes of Physical Functions According to Changes in Cognitive Functions in Community-Dwelling Elderly People Who Participated in an Exercise Program
Noriko Kimura1, , Etsuko Maeshima1, Sayaka Tomokane1, Akiko Ikeshima1, Megumi Maeda2, Masaki Takimoto3, Takaaki Mishima1
Author Information
1 Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Sennan, Osaka, Japan
2 Kishigawa rehabilitation hospital, Kinokawa, Wakayama, Japan
3 Kyoto University of Advanced and Science, Kameoka, Kyoto, Japan

Noriko Kimura
‚úČ Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Department of Health and Sport Management, 1-1 Asashirodai, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0496, Japan
Email: kimura.academic@gmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 01-06-2020
Accepted: 28-05-2021
Published (online): 10-06-2021
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ABSTRACT

Although it is known that physical function differs depending on the state of cognitive function, there are no studies that consider changes in cognitive functions when evaluating physical functions of participants before and after an exercise program. In this study, it was observed changes in cognitive function and physical functions of elderly people who participated in a community-based exercise program for 6 months, and examined changes in physical functions that took into account changes in cognitive functions. Forty-nine participants, whose cognitive and physical functions were both measured before and after the exercise program, were included in the analysis. The Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-J) was used to assess participants' cognitive function and to determine whether they had mild cognitive impairment (MCI). To assess physical functions, a battery of physical tests was completed. Participants were classified into four groups (before/after; non-MCI/non-MCI, MCI/MCI, non-MCI/MCI, and MCI/non-MCI) according to the changes in cognitive functions after six months. There was no significant difference in the physical functions of the four groups before the start of the program. When changes in physical functions were examined in each group, some changes in physical functions were observed in the groups other than the non-MCI/MCI group. However, there was no significant difference in the physical functions between the four groups after the program. It was suggested that changes in physical functions of elderly people who participated in a community-based exercise program over a 6-month period were not different due to changes in cognitive functions.

Key words: Mild cognitive impairment, community-dwelling elderly people, exercise program, retrospective study, physical function


           Key Points
  • Exercise programs are widely practiced, but there are no reports that examine changes in physical functions that take into account changes in cognitive functions.
  • It was observed changes in cognitive function and physical functions of elderly people who participated in a community-based exercise program for 6 months, and examined changes in physical functions that took into account changes in cognitive function.
  • It was clear that changes in cognitive functions made no difference to changes in physical functions in the community-dwelling elderly people who participated in the 6-month exercise program.
 
 
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