Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 473 - 481   DOI:

Research article
Differences in Sports Injury Types According to Taekwondo Athlete Types (Sparring, Poomsae, and Demonstration)
Guyeol Jeong1, Buongo Chun2 
Author Information
1 Department of Social Physical Education, College of Humanities and Arts, Sunchon National University, Sunchon, Republic of Korea
2 Graduate School of Physical Education, College of Arts and Physical Education, Myongji University, Yongin, Republic of Korea

Buongo Chun
✉ Graduate School of Physical Education, Myongji University, Yongin, 116 Myongji-ro, Cheoin-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 17058, Republic of Korea
Publish Date
Received: 13-03-2022
Accepted: 03-09-2022
Published (online): 01-09-2022
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The objective of this study was to investigate the range of injuries according to the competition format type of Taekwondo (sparring, poomsae, and demonstration) and compare the level of injuries to provide basic data for preventing injuries among Taekwondo athletes. Data were collected through a survey of 472 Taekwondo athletes using convenience sampling and self-administration methods. The most frequently injured body part was the ankle for sparring (54.03%) and demonstration (55.09%) athletes and the pelvis for poomsae (36.36%) athletes (x2 = 111.556, p < 0.001). The most frequent injury type was sprain for poomsae (36.40%) and demonstration (52.30%) athletes and fracture for sparring (49.40%) athletes (x2 = 127.752, p < 0.001). The most frequently reported cause of injury was excessive training and chronic fatigue (x2 = 50.251, p < 0.001). All three types of athletes showed a higher proportion of injury at the training location than at the competition location. The period for the return to training was ≤1 week for sparring (40.80%) and poomsae (64.10%) athletes but 2-3 weeks for demonstration (27.8%) athletes (x2 = 45.582, p < 0.001). Diverse strategies, ranging from wearing protective gear to adopting a conditioning strategy and psychological training, are needed for each competition format of Taekwondo to prevent injuries in daily training.

Key words: Taekwondo, Athlete, Sports injuries, Martial arts

           Key Points
  • Injuries by body part, injury type, location of the injury, cause of injury, and period for return to training varied according to the competition format of Taekwondo (sparring, poomsae, and demonstration).
  • Different strategies need to be developed according to the competition format of Taekwondo athletes to prevent injuries.
  • Wearing protective gear, conditioning strategies, and psychological training should be encouraged.
  • With diversified strategies, instructors and athletes can achieve outstanding results as well as have long and healthy athletic careers.
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