Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 536 - 544   DOI:

Research article
Changes in Muscle Shear Modulus and Urinary Titin N-Terminal Fragment after Eccentric Exercise
Takayuki Inami1, , Shota Yamaguchi1, Hiroyuki Ishida2, Naohiko Kohtake3, Akihisa Morito3,4, Satoshi Yamada4, Masatsugu Shimomasuda4, Maki Haramoto4, Naoya Nagata1, Mitsuyoshi Murayama1
Author Information
1 Institute of Physical Education, Keio University, Japan
2 Sports Medicine Research Center, Keio University, Japan
3 Graduate School of System Design Management, Keio University, Japan
4 Taisho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Japan

Takayuki Inami
✉ Senior Assistant Professor, Institute of Physical Education, Keio University, 4-1-1, Hiyoshi, Yokohama 2238521 Japan
Publish Date
Received: 21-06-2022
Accepted: 10-10-2022
Published (online): 01-12-2022
Share this article

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the muscle shear modulus of the biceps brachii, urinary titin N-terminal fragment (UTF), and other damage markers after eccentric exercise. Seventeen healthy males performed five sets of ten eccentric exercises with dumbbells weighing 50% of the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) at the elbow joint. Muscle shear modulus with range of interest set to only biceps brachii muscle measured by ultrasound shear wave elastography, UTF, MVC, range of motion (ROM), and soreness (SOR) were recorded before, immediately after, and 1, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 168 h after eccentric exercise. Each marker changed in a time course pattern, as found in previous studies. The peak shear modulus showed a moderate negative correlation with peak MVC (r = –0.531, P < 0.05) and a strong positive correlation with peak UTF (r = 0.707, P < 0.01). Our study results revealed a significant relationship between muscle strength, shear modulus measured by ultrasound SWE, and titin measured by UTF, as a non-invasive damage marker after eccentric exercise to track changes in EIMD.

Key words: Shear wave elastography, stiffness, sarcomere, non-invasive method, exercise-induced muscle damage

           Key Points
  • This study was investigated based on the hypothesis that the shear modulus measured by ultrasound shear wave elastography of biceps brachii muscle and urinary titin N-terminal fragment (UTF) after eccentric exercise that occurs during eccentric exercises are involved in damage markers similar to those used in previous studies.
  • The results revealed that shear modulus showed a significant relationship between muscle strength and titin content.
  • The relationship between shear modulus as an index of stiffness and titin measured by UTF will be useful for observing changes in skeletal muscle condition that result from high-intensity training and games/practices in the field of sports competition.
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2023 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.