Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 156 - 176   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2024.156

Review article
Examining the Influence of Warm-Up Static and Dynamic Stretching, as well as Post-Activation Potentiation Effects, on the Acute Enhancement of Gymnastic Performance: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis
Wenlu Yu1, DeSen Feng2, Ya Zhong3, Xiaohong Luo4, Qi Xu5, , Jiaxiang Yu6
Author Information
1 Chengdu University, Chengdu, China
2 ChengDu Sports University, Chengdu, China
3 The Affiliated Elementary School of Chengdu University, Chengdu, China
4 Chengdu University, 610106 Chengdu, China
5 Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland
6 Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China

Qi Xu
✉ Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland
Email: qi.xu@awf.gda.pl
Publish Date
Received: 18-11-2023
Accepted: 05-02-2024
Published (online): 01-03-2024
 
 
ABSTRACT

The primary objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to methodically discern and compare the impact of diverse warm-up strategies, including both static and dynamic stretching, as well as post-activation potentiation techniques, on the immediate performance of gymnasts. Adhering to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, this paper evaluated studies that examined the gymnasts’ performance after different warm-up strategies namely stretching (static [SS] or dynamic), vibration platforms (VP) or post-activation, in comparison to control conditions (e.g., mixed warm-up routines; no warm-up). The principal outcomes were centered on technical performance metrics (e.g., split, gymnastic jumps) and physical performance metrics (e.g., squat jump, countermovement jump, drop jump, balance, range of motion). Methodological assessments of the included studies were conducted using the Downs and Black Checklist. From the initial search across PubMed, Scopus, and the Web of Science databases, a total of 591 titles were retrieved, and 19 articles were ultimately incorporated in the analysis. The results revealed a non-significant differences (p > 0.05) between the SS condition and control conditions in squat jump performance, countermovement jump and gymnastic technical performance (e.g., split; split jump). Despite the difference in warm-up strategies and outcomes analyzed, the results suggest that there is no significant impairment of lower-limb power after SS. Additionally, technical elements dependent on flexibility appear to be enhanced by SS. Conversely, dynamic stretching and VP seem to be more effective for augmenting power-related and dynamic performance in gymnasts.

Key words: Gymnastics, warm-up, warming-up, stretch, performance


           Key Points
  • There is no significant impairment of lower-limb power after static stretching
  • Technical elements dependent on flexibility appear to be enhanced by static stretching
  • Dynamic stretching and vibration platforms seem to be more effective for augmenting power-related and dynamic performance in gymnasts
 
 
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