Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 25 - 33   DOI:

Research article
Power Profile during Cycling in World Triathlon Series and Olympic Games
Roberto Cejuela, Héctor Arévalo-Chico , Sergio Sellés-Pérez
Author Information
Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, Spain

Héctor Arévalo-Chico
✉ Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, carretera SanVicente del Raspeig s/n, 03690, San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante, Spain
Publish Date
Received: 05-07-2023
Accepted: 04-12-2023
Published (online): 01-03-2024

This study aimed to analyze the power profile (PP) during the cycling segment of international-level triathletes in the World Triathlon Series (WTS) and Olympics and to evaluate the influence of circuit type, race distance (Sprint or Olympic distance) and race dynamics on the development of the cycling leg and the final race position. Four male triathletes participated in the study. Twenty races were analyzed using geolocation technology and power-meter data to analyze PP, race dynamics, and course characteristics. Before the races, incremental tests of volitional exhaustion with gas analysis were performed to determine power intensity zones. Nonparametric Mann-Whitney U tests and correlation analyses were conducted to identify differences and relationships between various variables. A correlation between the time spent above maximal aerobic power (MAP) and dangerous curves per kilometer (r = 0.46; p < 0.05) and bike split result (BSR) (r = -0.50; p < 0.05) was observed. Also, moderate correlation was found between BSR and the final race position (r = 0.46; p < 0.01). No differences were found between sprint and Olympic distance races in any variable. Power output variability, influenced by technical circuit segments, remains the main characteristic in international short-distance races. The results of the present study suggest that the triathletes who are better adapted to intermittent high intensity efforts perform better cycling legs at international high-level races.

Key words: Race dynamic, high performance, endurance, physiological variables, effort distribution, watts

           Key Points
  • The power profile in the cycling segment of the major triathlon events is characterized as non-linear, with power peaks being observed throughout the segment.
  • No further differences between Olympic Distance and Sprint Distance were found for any relative variable.
  • The presence of dangerous curves should be considered because it affects the PP and race dynamics.
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