Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2021) 20, 52 - 55   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2021.52

Case report
Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum in an Adolescent Soccer Player
Akinori Kobayakawa, Hideki Hiraiwa, Shinya Ishizuka , Satoshi Yamashita, Hiroki Oba, Yusuke Kawamura, Takefumi Sakaguchi, Masaru Idota, Takahiro Haga, Takafumi Mizuno, Itaru Kawashima, Kanae Kuriyama, Shiro Imagama
Author Information
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Shinya Ishizuka
‚úČ Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumaicho, Showaku, Nagoya, Japan
Email: shinyai@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp
Publish Date
Received: 20-11-2020
Accepted: 03-12-2020
Published (online): 01-03-2021
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ABSTRACT

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon and usually benign self-limiting clinical disorder found in young people, often without apparent precipitating factors or diseases. A pressure gradient exists between the peripheral pulmonary alveoli and the hilum, and increased intra-alveolar pressure causes rupture of the terminal alveoli. We present the case of a 15-year-old male soccer player who presented with a complaint of anterior chest pain and dysphagia after stopping the strong ball with his chest. His symptom gradually progressed over hours. We can make the diagnosis of SPM using by chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) scanning. His symptoms were gradually resolved over the course of approximately one week with no exercise and careful observation. We believe that our case provides very useful information to alert clinicians and coaches regarding this rare disease that may occur in anyone including adolescent soccer players.

Key words: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, adolescent, sports, chest pain, free air


           Key Points
  • Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) may occur in anyone including adolescent soccer players.
  • SPM should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chest pain in adolescents and young adults.
 
 
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