Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2018) 17, 153 - 160

Research article
Resistance Training using Low Cost Elastic Tubing is Equally Effective to Conventional Weight Machines in Middle-Aged to Older Healthy Adults: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Fabiano F. Lima1, Carlos A. Camillo2,3, Luis A. Gobbo4, Iara B. Trevisan1, Wesley B. B. M. Nascimento1, Bruna S. A. Silva1, Manoel C. S. Lima4, Dionei Ramos1, Ercy M. C. Ramos1, 
Author Information
1 São Paulo State University, Department of Physioterapy, UNESP - Presidente Prudente, Brazil
2 KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium
3 University Hospital Leuven, Respiratory Division and Rehabilitation, Leuven, Belgium
4 São Paulo State University, Department of Physical Education, Presidente Prudente, Brazil

Ercy M. C. Ramos
✉ Department of Physioterapy, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Roberto Simonsen, No. 305, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo 19060-900, Brazil
Publish Date
Received: 15-08-2017
Accepted: 15-01-2018
Published (online): 01-03-2018
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The objectives of the study were to compare the effects of resistance training using either a low cost and portable elastic tubing or conventional weight machines on muscle force, functional exercise capacity, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in middle-aged to older healthy adults. In this clinical trial twenty-nine middle-aged to older healthy adults were randomly assigned to one of the three groups a priori defined: resistance training with elastic tubing (ETG; n = 10), conventional resistance training (weight machines) (CTG; n = 9) and control group (CG, n = 10). Both ETG and CTG followed a 12-week resistance training (3x/week - upper and lower limbs). Muscle force, functional exercise capacity and HRQOL were evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. CG underwent the three evaluations with no formal intervention or activity counseling provided. ETG and CTG increased similarly and significantly muscle force (Δ16-44% in ETG and Δ25-46% in CTG, p < 0.05 for both), functional exercise capacity (ETG Δ4 ± 4% and CTG Δ6±8%; p < 0.05 for both). Improvement on “pain” domain of HRQOL could only be observed in the CTG (Δ21 ± 26% p = 0.037). CG showed no statistical improvement in any of the variables investigated. Resistance training using elastic tubing (a low cost and portable tool) and conventional resistance training using weight machines promoted similar positive effects on peripheral muscle force and functional exercise capacity in middle-aged to older healthy adults.

Key words: Exercise, muscle strength, functional exercise capacity

           Key Points
  • There is compeling evidence linking resistance training to health.
  • Elastic resistance training improves the functionality of middle-aged to older healthy adults.
  • Elastic resistance training was shown to be as effective as conventional resistence training in middle-aged to older healthy adults.
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